Often, many claim that the superiority of children in learning is due to the child’s brain being more flexible than adults (eg, Lenneberg, 1967). However, current studies suggest that language acquisition 2 may be related to a number of psychological and social factors (Newport, 1990). Comparative studies between children learning the second language and adults have consistently demonstrated that under controlled conditions, adolescents and adults can learn language 2 better than children (for example, Snow & Hoefnagel -Hoehle, 1978).
The only exception to this is pronunciation, although there is much debate about this, but somehow in the study still shows that adults can still pronounce better than children. .
The fact that children learning the second language faster than adults can be a mistake. A child does not have to learn as much as an adult to achieve communication. Children’s sentence structures are always shorter, simpler, and with less vocabulary.
Therefore, although the idea that children learn faster than adults, the results of the studies have shown that adults and adolescents have better knowledge. This comparative level of performance is somewhat subtle.
Therefore, in order to apply knowledge into practice, teachers should not expect outstanding results from children in learning English as a second language and should understand that learning a foreign language is difficult for the whole child. you and the adults. Even children may have more difficulty because they can not know how to memorize and draw strategies from their vocabulary and grammar experience.
It should not be assumed that children learning the second language are less likely than adults to make the mistake of learning a foreign language. Children must be more timid and shameless in the crowd than adults. Children in stressful environments can become extremely anxious and should not assume that they will pass easily.
In other words, even if we follow the notion that children learning the second language faster than adults, appropriate teaching methods are needed to encourage children to learn.