If you know your ability to remember, find ways to transform your knowledge from short-term memory into longer-term, you will learn English more effectively. Science distinguishes between short and long term memory types as follows: Short-term memory is the ability to store small amounts of information in a short time before it is consolidated to last a long time. Long-term memory is the process of keeping the information received and people can remember it after a while.
Short-term memory is limited, so automatically forgets to quickly receive and process new information. While long term memory stores longer, even permanently. Often you will use both short-term memory and long-term memory when studying or working. Short-term memory will work more when you acquire knowledge.
Short-term memory acts as a “waste paper” to temporarily recall information that has been processed. It is capable of ability to remember and processing information at the same time. For example, to understand a sentence, the beginning of the sentence needs to be kept in mind, and the rest of the sentence needs to be read again, which is done by short-term memory. Another example of short-term memory activity is that it can hold temporary information to work (for example, the interpreter must memorize information in one language and translate it into another. ).
However, this information will quickly disappear unless we try to preserve it consciously. Short-term memory is a necessary step to the next stage, long-term memory. The transfer of information to long-term memory areas for longer memory can be triggered and improved by repeating that information, or more effectively, by attaching that information to a meaning or ants. Available forms. Motivation is also important, as information relates to one of our most important things, it will be easier to save on longer-term memory.
Short-term memory can become a long-term memory through the process of consolidation, including repetition and meaning. Unlike short-term memory (mainly based on sound, less image to store information), long-term memory encodes information for storage based on meaning and association. Long-term memory has two main types: memory you can relate (for example, you remember the capital of Vietnam, Hanoi, or remember the events that happened …) and memory hidden (like the ability to play the piano, golf …).
Information is loaded into human memory and will fade over time with a very fast speed. To overcome this situation, we need to review information to remember to consolidate memory and short-term memory into long-term memory. The more complex the information, the more people have to review the shorter the time. For example, review after an hour, two hours, four hours, a day … Repeat information as many times, the more information becomes unforgettable and forget speed will be reduced to the lowest or never forget.
According to Strategies in Language Learning, language learners do not only have to memorize what they are learning, but also have to combine what they learn to develop their own language skills. Therefore, if the knowledge you learn is stored only in short-term memory, then is “saved” by new knowledge and not saved to long-term memory, you will not only lose the knowledge It is difficult to combine and apply the knowledge learned to become fluent in English.
If you know your ability to remember, find ways to transform your knowledge from short-term memory into longer-term, you will learn English more effectively. This also helps many people get out of the hard work, remember much knowledge, but only a few days are forgotten, the ability of English so never progress. Each person has a different ability to memorize. Understanding what your memory capacity is, you will have the appropriate learning method, so learning English is also more effective.